“I graduated from a top library school.” Yeah, so what?

Here’s an interesting article on getting through Graduate School in the LIS Program. It may be a little dated since the article was published in 2011, but the information still rings true today. No matter what school someone goes to it is always crucial for that person to gain work experience in the field he or she is studying.

Mr. Library Dude

Interesting discussion on the COLLIB-L discussion list. A librarian posted a link to a survey about: “What makes a professional librarian? Discussion on the list then evolved into the state of the library job market. Several people mentioned that they graduated from highly-ranked library schools and had trouble finding employment. I don’t want to burst anyone’s bubble, nor am I denigrating anyone’s education, but it really does not matter which library school you attend.

I’ve never looked at anyone’s resume/cover letter and thought: “Wow, she graduated from X library school!” Library school is what you make of it. The MLS is just the basic requirement for the job. If all you do is take the required courses, but get no work experience, then you are setting yourself up for failure.

The following is some rather BLUNT advice for those in library school, or thinking of attending:

  1. Library school: if you…

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Content Management Systems

What do websites such as: Drupal, WordPress, and Joomla  have in common?

They are Content Management Systems (CMSs), and they are becoming an excellent alternative for businesses and organizations to build complex websites without the hassle of learning to code.

Web surfers, such as myself, may have come across the phrase Content Management System (CMS); but what exactly is a Content Management System? A Content Management System is a program that enables users to add content to their websites quickly with little fuss (see article entitled An Introduction to Website Building Software). Users can create their own blogs or webpages and add all sorts of custom designs, widgets, and applications. CMS programs, such as, WordPress give users freedom to design their website or blog to their liking; and, depending on the user, they can employ coding skills to add more originality to their webpage. According to a survey taken by W3Techs, about 23.1% of all websites use WordPress, followed by Joomla (3.0%), and Drupal (1.9%).

For in-depth information on content management systems click here to view a video tutorial and lesson.

So, what does this information have to do with libraries? It turns out many libraries across the United States are using CMS programs to create websites with a variety of features. In this day and age,  libraries are expected to create websites that give their patrons access to e-books, research databases, music downloads, audiobooks, online classes, and webinars. According to Library Success, the advantages to using CMSs to build a library website include: separation of content logic and data; more than one user can access and edit a CMS created website, easier or automatic integration of Web 2.0 tools, and cool add-ons to enhance the functionality of the website.

The links below will show you the number of libraries using content management systems:

Bringing My Blog Back to Life

Wow, it’s been a long time since I’ve made any new entries, my statistics have completely flat-lined.


I apologize for my silence, things have been a bit crazy and I was suffering from a critical case of Writer’s Block.


 I’m going to work on a new post sometime this week, in the mean time I must ask you guys, “what should my next post be on?

Let me know 🙂

Protecting Online Privacy

Privacy Key

Since 9/11, the surveillance of individuals (both foreign and domestic born)  has become a major factor in national security. After 13 years, it seems that we are no safer than before the 9/11 attacks, and the current surveillance tactics conducted by organizations like the National Security Agency (NSA) only  cause indignation from the public towards the government. Do we really have to sacrifice our right to privacy and free expression for safety and national security ?

According to the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) “the National Security Agency’s mass surveillance has greatly expanded in the years since September 11th, 2001”. Recent disclosures have shown that the government, enabled by the Patriot Act and the FISA Amendment Act,  has been tracking calls of innocent American citizens and spying on international calls, text messages, emails, and web data (aclu.org). It not just government agencies, however, who are monitoring communication patterns and technology usage, corporations have also been exploiting consumer’s information for their own gain. Figures from corporate America, such as Scott McNealy (CEO of Sun Microsystems) and Mark Zuckerberg (the founder of Facebook) have claimed that privacy doesn’t matter in the digital age, yet research shows that this is not the case. It is not surprising that people like McNealy and Zuckerberg would try to make these claims, since these are individuals who make their money off of gathering personal data, repackaging it, and selling it to advertisers (Magi, 2013). Contrary to what corporate figures claim, privacy does matter and it is a major concern for people, as evidenced by the fact that: there are laws or attorney general opinions protecting library records; at the federal level, there is talk about creating a consumer privacy bill of rights, over the past five years Facebook users have expressed outrage over the website’s features and policies that clearly violated privacy, and an increasing number of scholarly studies show that people are concerned about their privacy (Magi, 2013).

Such practices, which were mainly caused by the passage of the Patriot Act, are viewed as unsettling by librarians and information professionals, because the right to access information and the freedom of privacy is fundamental to their profession (Shaffer, 2014). In fact, Article IV of the American Library Association’s Library Bill of Rights “affirms the ethical imperative to provide unrestricted access to information and to guard against impediments to open inquiry” (www.ala.org/advocacy). Breaching users’ private or confidential data is viewed as an impediment to open inquiry, and if users recognize that than the freedom of open inquiry no longer exists (ala.org/advocacy).

The surveillance and callous collection of personal data is an unsettling situation, which is why some librarians and information professionals are stepping in to help raise awareness and provide users tips on how to improve their online privacy. For example, IT Librarian of the Watertown Free Public Library in Massachusetts, Alison Macrina, (along with ACLU Massachusetts) conducted a series of privacy workshops for librarians all over the  state. As a result, multiple Massachusetts libraries have taken different actions to protect patrons’ privacy such as: installing the Tor browser, coordinating computer privacy classes, and installing privacy protecting plug-ins from the Firefox browser (boingboing.net). Other privacy defense tactics librarians and information professionals can adopt include: adopting the ALA Code of Ethics and Bill of Rights, writing and adopting a library privacy policy, not sharing the names of users or the materials they want, calling to reform the Patriot Act, and being wary of government and law enforcement intrusion (Magi, 2013).


American Civil Liberties Union (n.d.). Rein in the surveillance state. Retrieved from https://www.aclu.org/rein-surveillance-state.

American Library Association (n.d.). Privacy: An interpretation of the library bill of rights. Retrieved from http://www.ala.org/advocacy/intfreedom/librarybill/interpretations/privacy.

Macrina. A & Glaser. A.  (2014, Sept. 13). Radical librarianship: How ninja librarians are ensuring patrons’ electronic privacy. Retrieved from http://boingboing.net/2014/09/13/radical-librarianship-how-nin.html.

Magi, T.J. (2013). A fresh look at privacy- Why does it matter, who cares, and what should librarians do about it? Indiana Libraries, 32(1), 37-41. Retrieved from http://scholarworks.uvm.edu/libfacpub/6/.

Shaffer, C. (2014). The patriot act a decade later: A literature review of librarian responses and strategies. Indiana Libraries, 33(1). Retrieved from http://http://journals.iupui.edu/index.php/IndianaLibraries/article/view/3485.

Library and Information Science Graduates and Jobs

Job HuntingI thought I would start off this blog by talking about what every library student, myself included, has on their minds, which is  jobs. Some days I just think that I have probably made a mistake in going to library school, and I know I’m not the only one who thinks this. The library field has gotten quite a bit of bad press over the last few years. In 2011 Forbes put out a slide show outlining the best and worst Master’s degrees to get, library and information science was No. 1 in the top ten worst Master’s degree programs. The good news, however, is that there are plenty of rebuttals for this argument, for example, in 2012 a blogger from the Syracuse University School of Information Studies outlined some of the flaws of that 2011 study, including the fact that the conclusion to the 2011 Forbes study was based solely on statistical data and that the writer didn’t take the other options that MLIS degree holders have outside the traditional library into consideration.

Realistically, post graduation, I think library graduates are going to get into a really competitive and challenging job market and ,to be frank, the same thing could be said to all other degree holders, not just those who hold a Master’s degree in library and information science. Therefore, I think it’s imperative that library students don’t limit themselves, for instance, I think learning skills that are outside one’s selected program , such as: computer programming/scripting, teaching, or management will make a person more marketable. Library and information science graduates might have to look beyond the traditional library to find employment opportunities, perhaps utilizing certain keywords to find a position.

There are several articles and blog posts related to this issue (seriously, just Google them), so it’s tough to form a definite conclusion about the future of libraries and whether or not there will be jobs for LIS graduates. I remain a little optimistic about the prospects of LIS graduates, because libraries (particularly public libraries) are known to adapt to changes, however, with major budget cuts and society’s general conception of libraries and librarians it hasn’t been easy, and it probably won’t get any easier in the long run. As far as jobs and employment goes, I think it’s very important to look beyond the traditional library and for job hunters to basically advocate for themselves. It’s not going to be easy, but then again, it isn’t easy for anyone. Regardless of their program, graduating students are going to enter an extremely competitive job market.

Here’s a short list of recommended readings and websites to check out:

  • By the Numbers: Librarian Data
  • Good News: Librarian Job Growth Exploding
    • This article might be a little optimistic, and slightly outdated (it was published in 2012), but it makes some important points on how people in different fields are doing similar tasks that librarians are doing.
  • Library Jobs Math
    • The author takes a bit of a pessimistic stance on job availability for post grads who want to work in libraries, but the data analysis on the number of people retiring from library positions and the number of jobs that may or may not be available  is very interesting.
  • INALJ: I Need a Library Job
    • This is a fantastic website that I found while writing this article. It is part social networking site, part blog, and part jobs board. The website takes a realistic view on librarianship as a field, and lists jobs for MLIS holders on a national scale. I recommend taking a look at this website.